ASTM F 1913 Standard Specification for Vinyl Sheet Floor Covering Without Backing
This specification is issued under the jurisdiction of ASTM International Committee F06 on Resilient Floor Coverings
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Scope: This specification covers sheet floor covering having a vinyl wear layer without backing. Products may also contain a clear specialty performance top layer(s).
Use: Commercial and light commercial buildings
The binder content of the PVC-pattern portion of the wear layer (vinyl resins, plasticizers and stabilizers) shall be a minimum of 50 %.
All flooring may have a clear specialty performance top layer(s) with an average minimum total thickness of 0.0004 in.
The specialty performance top layer(s) may consist of a single layer or multiple layers, which do not delaminate under normal use.
Top layer(s) thinner than 0.0004 in. may be used but cannot be counted as part of the clear specialty performance top layer.
The total thickness is the sum of the PVC wear layer and the clear specialty top layer(s).
|Wear Layer Composition||50% minimum binder content|
The wear layer shall have a vinyl plastic binder and may include pigments, fillers, extenders and other ingredients.
The composition shall be uniform and extend throughout the full thickness of the pattern portion of the wear layer.
|Clear Specialty Top Layer||0.0004 in. (0.01 mm) min|
0.005 in. (0.137 mm) max
|Overall Thickness||0.075 in. (1.9 mm) Minimum average|
(after 1 hour recovery)
|≤ 0.007 in. (0.18 mm)|
75 lb load on a 1/4″ diameter flat tip for 15 minutes
|Static Load Resistance||≤ 0.005 in. (0.13 mm) residual indentation @ 250 PSI|
|Flexibility||1½ in. (38 mm) diameter mandrel – no cracks or breaks|
|Resistance to Chemicals||No more than a slight change in surface dulling, attack or stain|
5% acetic acid, 70% isopropyl alcohol, white mineral oil, 5% sodium hydroxide, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% sulfuric acid, 5% ammonia, 5.25% bleach, Olive oil, kerosene, unleaded gasoline
|Resistance to Heat||Color change ΔE ≤ 8 after 7 days at 158°F|
|Resistance to Light||Color change ΔE ≤ 8 after 300 hours exposure to Xenon arc light source|